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Armenian Apostolic Church About the One Holy Universal Apostolic Orthodox Armenian Church

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Армянские Церкви и Монастыри

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Old 31 Mar 07, 22:07   #36 (permalink)
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Armenian Church, Singapore

The Armenian Church (full name: Armenian Church of Saint Gregory the Illuminator; Chinese: 亚米尼亚教堂) is the oldest Christian church in Singapore, located at Hill Street in the Museum Planning Area, within the Central Area, Singapore's central business district.


History

George Drumgoole Coleman, overseer of Convicts and Superintendent of Public Works, was the architect of many of Singapore's finest historical buildings. The Armenian Church, arguably his masterpiece, is perhaps the finest landmark in the early architectural development of the nation.

The government granted the land on which the church stands to the Armenian community in 1833. By 1835, the building was completed. Consecrated by Reverend Eleaza Ingergolie in 1836 and dedicated to St Gregory the Illuminator, the first Patriarch of the Church in Armenia, it was the first Christian church to be built in Singapore.

Half the construction cost of 5,000 Spanish dollars was donated by the Armenian community in Singapore, with the rest coming from Armenians in Java and India, and European and Chinese merchants in Singapore. Considering that the Armenian community was tiny — the 1824 census counted only 16 members — its contribution to the Armenian Church was huge in proportion, a testament to the great wealth and social standing of the Armenian community in Singapore. Even in 1821, two years after Sir Stamford Raffles' landing, the group was celebrating its religious services and, in 1827, after funds had been collected, the first priest, the Reverend Gregory Johannes, arrived.

Armenian Street is named after the church and its Chinese name is seng poh sin chu au (the back of Seng Poh's new building).

Armenian Church was gazetted as a national monument on 6 July 1973.


Architecture

The original, elegant and symmetrical design included neither tower nor spire. It featured an octagonal cone supporting a small bell turret with Ionic columns.

The existing Armenian Church, built in the British Neo-Classical style, is modelled after St Gregory's Church in Echmiadzin, the mother church in northern Armenia. It is possible that the client's brief made reference to this. The structure is circular, imposed on a square plan, with projecting square porticos using Roman Doric orders. The chancel-cum-altar is semi-circular. The Palladian-style design was possibly inspired by James Gibbs' first circular plan for St Martin's in the Fields in London which he published in his Book of Architecture (London, 1728).

Nevertheless, with all the eclectic references, Coleman produced a design which is adapted to suit Singapore's tropical climate. For instance, the wide verandahs give essential shade and protect the timber-louvred windows on the ground floor from heavy downpours. The windows, in turn, diffuse the sunlight and induce cross ventilation. The pews, which would normally be entirely in wood, are backed with woven rattan, a much lighter and cooler material.

The spire, topped with a ball and cross, sits on the octagonal tower, and is the second to replace the original bell turret by Coleman, which proved to be structurally unsound and was demolished. It was replaced by a square tower, using Doric pilasters, in 1846, followed by the present spire in 1853. An English architect called Maddock had the pitched roof replaced by the present one, the bell turret removed and, to support the existing tower and spire, added the east portico around the original chancel. Probably, at the same time, the main entrance on the west portico was widened.

On the north, south and west fronts of the church are Tuscan Doric porticos capped with triangular pediments. The east front, where the main entrance lies, bears an elegant bowed apse with a pediment into which the date "1835" is carved to commemorate the year the church's foundation was laid. The north, south and west porticos were designed such that horse carriages could pull into the porches, right up to the doors of the church. The porches were designed to be on level with the base of the carriages so that ladies could step into the church without soiling their dresses on the ground below.

Although the interior is curcular, said to resemble the famous Round Church in Cambridge, England, it is actually based on a square cross, symbolic of the Cross of Christ. Facing the main entrance is the grand altar, prominently raised above the height of the pews.

On the church grounds are the parsonage and the Memorial Garden to Armenians. The parsonage, a two-storey bungalow, was built in 1905 by Nanajan Sarkies in memory of her late husband, John Shanazar Sarkies. Amongst the Armenians in Singapore, the Sarkies family was probably the most notable, in particular brothers Archak, Aviet and Tigran of Raffles Hotel fame. A number of Sarkies' tombstones lie in the Memorial Garden, alongside those of other prominent Armenians, such as Agnes Joaquim and Catchik Moses.

Agnes Joaquim was a horticulturist who, in 1893, discovered Singapore's first hybrid orchid that today bears her name, Vanda Miss Joaquim. In 1981, it was designated Singapore's national flower. She died in 1899, at the age of 44. Catchik Moses started what was to become the national English newspaper, The Straits Times, in 1845. He sold the paper a year later because it was unprofitable. Catchik Moses died in 1852.

Interestingly, the Memorial Garden was never actually used as a burial ground. The tombstones that lie there were all transported from the Christian cemetery in Bukit Timah when it was exhumed in 1988.

In 2006, the church was used as an exhibition site for the Singapore Biennale. "Everything Is Contestable" by Indian artist Ashok Sukumaran was a site-specific intervention that introduced two switches which would be able to control the lights of the church, one at the gates of the church (working only intermittently) and one across the street.



Information on www.wikipedia.org
 
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Old 31 Mar 07, 22:09   #37 (permalink)
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Армянская Церковь в Санкт-Петербурге





 
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Армяне в Бережаны (город в Зап.Украине)


Above: Grave monument of one Armenian family "Stanislawowicz" (? or something like this as fa as I managed to raed parallel Polish inscription at the bottom) at Berezhany Cemetery. Top inscription (on the photo) is in Armenian charcters and you can see Armenia cross on the top.


Armenian settlement: Berezhany also boasts the Armenian Church. Berezhany was one of a few towns in Central Eastern Europe which had the Armenian colony. Armenians established colony in Berezhany, Lviv and Buchach escaping Moslem opression and persecutions in Armenia. Most of Berezhany Armenians were assimiliated by local Poles and adopted Polish surnames althou a desolate Armenian church (built in typical Armenian architechture style) still stands in the center of the town, as a dumb witness of once vivid Armenian life in Berezhany (see page in Polish about Polish Armenians by Krzysztof A. Wozniak, whose great, great, great grandfather was an Armenian chief in Berezhany, as he tells). See picture of Armenian Church's ruins in Berezhany
 
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Old 31 Mar 07, 22:12   #39 (permalink)
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Армянская Церковь в Бережаны

 
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Armenian Church in Lvov (Lviv), Ukraine


Вірменський Собор

Один із найдавніших храмів Львова (XIV ст.). У 2001 році святиню було повернено відродженій у місті Вірменській Апостольській Церкві. Храм відновив і свою назву — Церква Успення Пресвятої Богородиці.




На подвір'ї церкви розміщене вірменське кладовище зі старими надгробками (XVI-XVII ст.) та дерев'яною каплицею “Голгофа” (XVIII ст.).

 
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Old 31 Mar 07, 22:13   #41 (permalink)
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Арцив джан спасибо за фотки красиво всё только у меня возник вопроснасчёт этой фотки
Разве в Армянских церквях можно сидеть? там помоему должны стоять это у католиков сидят
 
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Армянская Апостолическая Церковь, Одесса



Построена на Гагаринском плато в Аркадии.
 
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